, The issue of Chinese materials in Indian Army bulletproof vests was again raised in June after the Galwan incidents. ", "India test-fires 10 missiles in 35 days.  Experts also stated that while the boycott campaign was a good initiative, replacement products should be available in the immediate future too. ", Small-scale protests against China's actions along the Indo-China border were held in Canada, the United States and Japan. ACM Rakesh Kumar Singh Bhadauria(Chief of the Air Staff) From map: "BOUNDARY REPRESENTATION IS NOT NECESSARILY AUTHORITATIVE. China is aggressively pursuing total national self-sufficiency, and the question arises as to why.  On 28 May, in a press conference, Indian spokesperson for the Ministry of External Affairs, Anurag Srivastava, maintained that there were enough bilateral mechanisms to solve border disputes diplomatically. Whereas our Orientalist based ‘othering’ of China created this blind spot, only our hubris and naivety would allow for us to continue thus blind.  Infrastructure includes roads, bridges, helipads and other military infrastructure such as camps. Correct understanding of each other is basis for China-India friendly coexistence". Trade with China, yes, but we must ringfence critical infrastructure: nuclear, telecoms and natural resources such as steel. In China specifically, war would exacerbate the human rights problems Esper decries, and on a global scale it would take decades to regain the level of peace, freedom and prosperity we have today.  Per media reports based on sources, the Chinese side accepted a de-escalation meeting following the incident; a Chinese commanding officer was also killed in the mêlée.  Xiaomi India's managing director said that the social media backlash would not affect sales, adding that Xiaomi handsets are "more Indian than Indian handset companies" and that even many non-Chinese phones, people including American handsets, are made in and imported from China.  Chinese presence, 18 km (11 mi) inside India's side of the LAC, 30 km (19 mi) south-east of DS-DBO road on the Y-junction or Bottleneck on Raki Nala at the Depsang Plains,[o] was reported by Indian media on 25 June 2020, who described movements of troops, heavy vehicles and military equipment. , Tara Kartha, a former director in the National Security Council Secretariat of India, in August 2020, wrote on China's psy–ops and propaganda during the skirmishes.  An article in the New Indian Express on 17 July 2020 stated that Indian soldiers felt that "India, with its muted approach, allowed China to dominate the narrative. , Chinese media have given little to no attention to the dispute and have downplayed the clashes. Indeed, there is an alternative Chinese version for almost any platform.  Intelligence inputs related to Depsang (PP10–13) on 31 August 2020 put Chinese control of India’s perception of the LAC at about 900 square kilometres (350 sq mi).  This appeal was covered by major media houses and supported by various celebrities.  Later the Prime Minister's Office clarified that the Indian Prime Minister wanted to indicate the bravery of 16 Bihar Regiment who had foiled the attempt of the Chinese side.  In July, ThePrint reported that post Galwan, the Indian Armed Forces were working on over 100 emergency procurement contracts. Till 2010s, the attrition rate was around 20%. AM Vivek Ram Chaudhari(AOC-in-C, Western Air Command)  A few soldiers from both sides were injured. So what is the solution? The Chinese side faces similar situations.  Several news outlets stated that 10 Indian soldiers, including 4 officers, were taken captive and then released by the Chinese on 18 June.  The MEA spokesperson's statement on the incident was also removed from Weibo.  The Chinese defence ministry confirmed the existence of Chinese casualties but refused to share the number. , Following the Galwan clash former Arunachal Pradesh chief minister Nabam Tuki told The Economic Times that "After the ugly face-off in Ladakh on Monday night, it is only natural that the residents of the border villages of Arunachal Pradesh will have some worries".  China now needs a face-saving exit.  Extra engineering forces have been tasked with provided additional barracks for the troops; by mid–November it was reported that the army has completed the construction of "habitat facilities" in Ladakh.  A video showed soldiers from both nations engaging in fistfights and stone-pelting along the LAC.  A study by the Observer Research Foundation found that only 1 to 2 percent of border incidents between 2010 and 2014 had received any form of media coverage.  On 22 June, U.S. News & World Report reported that US intelligence agencies have assessed that the chief of China's Western Theater Command, Gen. Zhao Zongqi, had sanctioned the skirmish. , During Xi Jinping's visit to New Delhi in September 2014, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi discussed the boundary question and urged his counterpart for a solution.  On 1 July, Prime Minister Modi quit the Chinese social media platform Weibo.  In 2019, India reported over 660 LAC violations and 108 aerial violations by the People's Liberation Army which were significantly higher than the number of incidents in 2018. The economic benefits of globalisation are well trodden, yet as Covid-19 has shown, it has left our society vulnerable during a major crisis, unable to manufacture the most basic of necessities such as PPE.  On 4 August, the Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson said that the two countries should "make sure differences do not escalate into disputes" and that China hopes India will work with them in maintaining the "overall interests of bilateral relations. "At Talks, China Confirms Commanding Officer Was Killed in Ladakh: Sources", "Commanding Officer of Chinese Unit among those killed in face-off with Indian troops in Galwan Valley", "India, China complete troop disengagement at three friction points, focus now on Finger area", "Pangong and Gogra not yet resolved, Army awaits talks", "Army to retain additional troops in Ladakh for the long haul", "Army now holding 30 dominating heights, earlier unoccupied, on southern bank of Pangong Tso", "India controls dominating heights in Chushul sector", "Shots Fired Along India-China Border for First Time in Years", "First time in 45 years, shots fired along LAC as troops foil China's bid to take a key height", "LAC standoff | Officials confirm two incidents of firing at south bank of Pangong Tso", "Amid Ladakh standoff, 12,000 workers to be moved to complete projects near China border", "Amid border tension, India sends out a strong message to China", "CM flags off train with 1,600 workers for border projects", "Indian border infrastructure or Chinese assertiveness? A Test Is at Hand", "China's 'salami-slicing tactics' displays disregard for India's efforts at peace", "Chinese Army May Have Provoked Clash To 'Grab Indian Territory': US Senator", "Modi is standing aside as China seizes our land, says furious BJP politician from border region", "Successive govts have neglected border areas of Ladakh: Nyoma's BDC chair", "Flagging Chinese incursions for long, Galwan flare-up was waiting to happen: Ladakh leaders", "Chinese PLA patrolling in Arunachal, time for action on the border: BJP MP Tapir Gao", "China was surprised in Doklam, never thought India would challenge it: China expert Yun Sun", "China raking border issue to curb internal issues, COVID-19 paranoia: Lobsang Sangay", "LAC stand-off will go on unless Tibet issue is resolved, says exiled govt", "Beijing is not going to withdraw its soldiers: Jayadeva Ranade", "Here's Why All's Not Well for India on the Ladakh Front", "There is a Global Dimension to the India-China Confrontation in Ladakh", "Trump's embrace of Modi stokes India-China stand-off in Himalayas", "India's China standoff shows risks of getting too close to Donald Trump", "China now has the military power to alter territorial status quo", "70 yrs on, India's Tibet dilemma remains. , The fighting resulted in the deaths of 20 Indian soldiers of 16th Bihar Regiment including its commanding officer, Colonel Santosh Babu. km of area in Ladakh, say intelligence inputs", "Chinese building helipad in Pangong Tso, massing troops on southern bank of lake", "Carved Maps, Ancient Names, Additional build Up: A Close Up of Chinese Posturing at Pangong Tso", "Chinese Inscribe Huge Symbol, Map Onto Disputed Territory In Pangong", "India sending high-powered boats to match heavier Chinese vessels while patrolling Ladakh lake", "LAC face-off: High-speed interceptor boats being sent to Pangong lake", "Before Moscow pact, Indian and Chinese troops fired 100-200 rounds on Pangong north bank", "India, China Fired 100-200 'Warning Shots' At Pangong In Early September", "Indian Army's control of hilltops on south bank of Pangong Lake irks China", "India, China in Another Stand-Off in Eastern Ladakh as PLA Intrudes Into Pangong Tso Southern Bank", "India China border news; India Army, IAF chiefs visit forward areas as China moves more forces near Chushul", "India and China Face Off Again at Border as Troops Move In", "The Special Frontier Force: Tibetan refugees, once trained with US help", "Explained: What is the Special Frontier Force or Vikas Battalion? 7 injured 1 year ago. Air Force Gen. Xu Qiliang(CMC vice-chairman)  The Chinese backed Thai Canal project would help China surround India even more; it was reported that in response India was upgrading air bases in Andamans, Nicobar and Lakshadweep. 76 injured (18 serious, 58 minor injuries), Indian sources: " On 24 May, another report said that the Chinese soldiers invaded India at three different places: Hot Springs, Patrol Point 14, and Patrol Point 15.  Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin, on 29 September, once again said that China does not recognise India's union territory of Ladakh, objects to Indian infrastructure construction and that reports of new military bases being built by the Chinese were false and motivated.  A few weeks later, reports emerged of China having constructed three villages near Bum La pass.  A Taiwanese image of Rama slaying a dragon was viral in the Indian social media sphere. And while the world relies on China for hardware, China avoids software dependency on outsiders by creating substitutes: TikTok to replace snapchat, Weibo instead of Twitter, WeChat & RenRen for Facebook. Historically, major conflicts have arisen when the leading global power is challenged by a rival, a problem known as the Thucydides trap — and China is expected (by some metrics) to overtake the United States as the world’s largest economy this decade.  Ahead of the commanders' meeting on 6 June, disinformation campaigns were reportedly run by Chinese state-controlled media as well as corporations.  Following the Indian governments fourth ban list in November, the Chinese Embassy in India stated, "[...] These moves in glaring violation of market principles and WTO rules severely harm the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese companies," while Zhao Lijian said that "the Indian government has the responsibility to [...] protect the lawful rights and interests of international investors including Chinese companies.  China is also developing a 5G network for its troops along the LAC. [p] Temperatures in parts of Aksai Chin and Ladakh, a high altitude cold desert, drops to as low as minus 40 degrees Celsius.  The sponsorship deal was worth $293 m. By 15 October, the Indian government had put restrictions on more imports from China including television sets, tyres and air conditioners.  On 6 June, commanders' talks took place at Chushul-Moldo BPM. China Threatens War Over New Taiwan Independence Proposal: State Media New fiery rhetoric from Beijing at a proposal by Taiwan’s opposition party … Sakteng does not have any contiguous border with China, and is only accessible through Bhutanese or Indian territory previously claimed by China.  The same day, the United States Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs said that the Chinese PLA had "invaded" the "contested area" between India and China. [j] The Indian Army repositioned its troops in the area as a precaution to prevent any future intrusion by the PLA.  A survey found out that "71 per cent of respondents (out of 14,000) stated that they had consciously refrained from purchasing made in China items". The latest model of Chinese smartphone company OnePlus sold out within minutes in India on 18 June, two days after the Galwan clash. Tracks in satellite imagery suggest that PLA troops make forays into Indian territory here.  A News18 report said that a number of voices, a growing "murmur", from the Chinese diaspora, showing dissent online has grown. RADM Philipose George Pynumootil(Flag Officer Naval Aviation)  In an interview to The Guardian, Cai Xia, expelled from the CCP on 17 August 2020, said that the recent India-China border clash and "provoking conflict" elsewhere was part of Xi's way to "divert the attention of the Chinese public" from "domestic economic and social tensions" as well as "to consolidate his own position and authority". The fighting, which took place in near-total darkness, lasted for up to six hours. A June 2020 report from the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace said that there have been simultaneous efforts by China to occupy land at multiple locations along the Sino-Indian border. Gen. Wei Fenghe(Minister of National Defense)  At Kailash-Mansarovar, near the Lipulekh pass, China is building a surface-to-air missile site. , On 5 May, the first standoff began as a clash between Indian[h] and Chinese soldiers at a beach of Pangong Tso, a lake shared between India and Tibet, China, with the Line of Actual Control (LAC) passing through it. Do we take that bait and prepare for war too?  Chinese infrastructure development was also reported in Gogra–Hot Springs.  Amid the increased visibility of calls for boycotting Chinese goods in the aftermath of the Galwan incidents, numerous industry analysts warned that a boycott would be counter-productive for India, would send out the wrong message to trade partners, and would have very limited impact on China, since both bilaterally as well as globally India is comparatively a much smaller trade power.  In September it was reported that the border tensions have failed to "dampen" trade between China and India.  On 6 November, the eighth corps-commander-level meeting took place. 1 Buffalo Bills;  While soldiers carry firearms, due to decades of tradition designed to reduce the possibility of an escalation, agreements disallowed usage of firearms, but the Chinese side was reported to possess iron rods, clubs and batons wrapped in barbed wire and clubs embedded with nails.  However, the Chinese troops did not withdraw from the Pangong Tso, where they entered 8 km inside Indian patrolling territory. Standoffs, skirmishes and transgressions have taken place at Pangong Tso, Hot Springs, Galwan Valley, Kungrang Nala, Depsang, Gurung Hilland Rechin La in Ladakh; and in Sikkim.  In the Upper House of the Indian Parliament, on 16 September 2020, the Minister of State for Home Affairs, in response to a question from a BJP MP about infiltrations, said in a written reply that "since February there had been 47 cases of attempted infiltration along the India-Pakistan border" and "no infiltration has been reported along India-China border during the last six months.  According to Indian sources, melee fighting on 15/16 June 2020 resulted in the deaths of 20 Indian soldiers (including an officer) and casualties of 43 Chinese soldiers (including the death of an officer). Khalid writes that while China has become a part of many conversations, online and offline, India should be worried that "Chinese bullying is compared to the actions of the Government of India".  Airbases in Xinjiang and Tibet are being further developed; this includes airbases at Hotan, Kashgar, Gargunsa, Lhasa-Gonggar and Shigatse. On 10 May: It's a signal", "Indian Navy Sent Warship To South China Sea After Ladakh Clash: Report", "Indian Navy deploys warship in South China Sea 2 months after Galwan clash", "India's Fingers have come under Chinese boots. Australia and India signed a similar Mutual Logistics Support Agreement (MLSA) on 4 June 2020. , On 21 May, the Indian Express reported that Chinese troops had entered the Indian territory in the Galwan River valley and objected to the road construction by India within the (undisputed) Indian territory.  Further, China warned India on 31 July 2020 that a "forced decoupling" of the economies of both countries will only result in both economies getting hurt, a lose—lose situation.  On 8 September both India and China blamed each other for firing warning shots. , The border between China and India is disputed at multiple locations.  The first communication since the start of the border dispute between the foreign ministers of China, Wang Yi and of India, S Jaishankar also happened after the Galwan skirmish.  On 10/11 May, another clash took place. Rajnath Singh (Defence Minister of India) [q] Amidst the standoff, India completed military logistics sharing agreements with partners in the Quad— Japan, Australia and United States. officially release these figures immediately, sometimes even only after decades. It thinks India has military capacity to beat China in a border war. Amid de-escalatory talks in Ladakh, on 29 June 2020, China, opened a new front in the border dispute by claiming, for the first time, …  However, in the following days, various types of action were taken on the economic front including cancellation and additional scrutiny of certain contracts with Chinese firms, and calls were also made to stop the entry of the Chinese into strategic markets in India such as the telecom sector. , Sales of Chinese smartphones in India were not affected in the immediate aftermath of the skirmishes, despite calls for a boycott.  The first train with over 1600 workers left Jharkhand on 14 June 2020 for Udhampur, and from there the workers went on to assist BRO at the Sino-Indian border. With this, India has military logistics sharing pacts with all partners of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad). The People’s Republic knows that she cannot beat the US militarily — and she knows that type of ground war is almost over.  TTK Prestige, India's largest kitchen appliances maker, said it would stop all imports from China from 30 September onwards.  Hindustan Times noted that most of the psy-ops tactics utilised by the PLA during the Doklam stand-off are being seen here again.  Days later, the Transport Minister Nitin Gadkari announced that Chinese firms would be banned from road projects in India. However, China seriously under-estimated the following world-wide response: President Trump will win big-time in 2020 and he will have a conservative House and Senate; Trump is draining the swamp.  Jayadeva Ranade, former National Security Advisory Board member, posited that China's current aggression in the region is to protect its assets and future plans in Ladakh and adjoining regions such as the China–Pakistan Economic Corridor. , Amid the standoff, India reinforced the region with approximately 12,000 additional workers, who would assist India's Border Roads Organisation in completing the development of Indian infrastructure along the Sino-Indian border. Look to the UK and China’s attempts to secure our telecoms industry via the Huawei deal, her recent purchase of British Steel, and her quest to secure the nuclear power industry. The gamble had been pitched as a trade-off. Subroto Kundu(AOC Leh) , Wang Shida of China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations linked the current border tensions to India's decision to abrogate Article 370 and change the status of Jammu and Kashmir in 2019.  Following Chinese announcements of more dam construction on the Brahmaputra River, India said that it would need to build a dam along the river to mitigate the negative effects of the Chinese dam construction. , The European Foundation for South Asian Studies (EFSAS), a think-tank based in Netherlands, wrote on 7 August 2020 that India's reaction to Chinese aggression has "surprised China".  On 3 October 2020, the Indian Army revealed a memorial to commemorate the Indian soldiers who died in Galwan on 15 June during Operation Snow Leopard.  TikTok was reported to have given "shadow bans" to videos related to the border tension.  In July, Stratfor reported that the Chinese have built 26 new temporary barracks and 22 new bases along the Indian border; "a mix of permanent and semi-permanent positions". ", On 26 May, Xi Jinping, during an annual meeting of PLA representatives urged the military "to prepare for the worst-case scenarios" and "to scale up battle preparedness."  This includes the Indian Air Force starting the process for emergency procurement of 12 Sukhoi-30 MKI and 21 Mikoyan MiG-29 from Russia. Gen. Zhang Youxia(CMC vice-chairman)  Challaney further wrote that this results in territorial gains for China as a result of the Chinese strategy of "advance 10 miles and retreat 6 miles" resulting in the gain of 4 miles. , On 29 June, the Indian government banned 59 Chinese mobile applications including TikTok, WeChat, UC Browser, SHAREit and Baidu Maps. This includes multiple rounds of colonel, brigadier and major general rank dialogue, special representatives' meetings,[c] meetings of the 'Working Mechanism for Consultation and Coordination on China-India Border Affairs' (WMCC),[d] meetings and communication between the foreign ministers and the defense ministers. , On 27 May 2020, the Chinese Ambassador to India as well as a Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman stated that the overall situation was stable.  In the third round of talks, India reiterated its demand for the pullback of the Chinese troops from all key areas including Pangong Tso, Galwan Valley and the Depsang plains and the restoration of status quo ante in April whereas China emphasised that the military buildup in the region should be reduced. , On 29–30 August, the skirmishes expanded to the southern shore of Pangong Tso near the Ladakhi village of Chushul. Gordon Chang: China Engaged in 'an Act of War' by Enflaming Antifa Riots in the U.S. By Tyler O'Neil Dec 04, 2020 4:07 PM ET Share Tweet Share  Around 8,000 workers would help Border Roads Organisation's (BRO) infrastructure project, Project Vijayak, in Ladakh while some workers would also be allocated to other nearby border areas. , Amidst the standoff, during September and October, DRDO tested "10 missiles in 35 days", with Indian media reporting a total of at least 12 missiles or systems being fired. Jonathan Chatwin reviews China’s Good War by Rana Mitter. India must win information wars too", "Ladakh standoff: China took lead in perception war, India has been too slow", "The Dragon's Design: Info War on Indo-China Clash", "How a 'disinformation network' on Twitter added to the tension surrounding the Galwan Valley conflict", "This is how China deployed psy-war after Ladakh. 20 killed Don't shoot yourself in the foot", "RSS affiliate wants Modi govt to cancel Chinese firm's bid for Delhi-Meerut RRTS project", "Chinese firms to lose India business in Railways, telecom", "Border clash fails to dampen India-China trade", "China slams India's ban on 43 more apps", "Line of Actual Control: Where it is located, and where India and China differ", "Not the 'Spirit of Wuhan': Skirmishes Between India and China", "Understanding Sino-Indian border issues: An analysis of incidents reported in the Indian media", "The Simmering Boundary: A "new normal" at the India–China border?  According to former Army Deputy Chief of Staff, Lieutenant General J.P. Singh, winter deployment along the LAC will financially bleed India by forcing construction of new infrastructure, recurring expenses such as additional truck and aircraft movement, and purchase of off-the-shelf winter equipment; in turn affecting other expenses such as modernisation plans. , On 19 September 2020, an article in the Nikkei Asian Review and the Hindustan Times compared Chinese behaviour in 2020 to that of the early 1950s when China had annexed Tibet while the world, including Nehru's government, was focused on the Korean War and China's role in it.  Satellite images analysed by the Australian Strategic Policy Institute show that the Chinese have increased construction in the Galwan valley since the 15 June skirmish. "When one wants to stall a process, one makes absurd demands...they purposefully made some unreasonable demands", said the sources. Gen. Han Weiguo(Commander, PLA Ground Force) ", "Surveillance camera at South Bank of Pangong Tso caught Chinese movement, says govt. , The second round of commanders' meeting was on 22 June. However it was also noted that COVID-19 had caused delays in previous tests, which were being conducted now..  The EurAsian Times stated that the Chinese "have a huge build-up including military-style bunkers, new permanent structures, military trucks, and road-building equipment". , On 25 July, Indian media reported a completion of disengagement at Galwan, Hot Springs and Gogra.  In August, Vietnam also briefed India of the escalation in the region related to Chinese military deployment in disputed islands.  Furthermore, the bifurcation of Jammu and Kashmir in 2019 prompted multiple senior Bharatiya Janata Party ministers, most recently in May 2020, to claim that all that now remained was for India to regain Gilgit-Baltistan. Blog/War Posted Aug 10, 2020 by Martin Armstrong.  Following the clash, Times Now published a list that it said contained the names of the Chinese soldiers who were killed in the clash but cautioned that the information "could be a fake forward"; multiple sources subsequently said that it was fake news. WeChat said that it removed the speech and statements because they divulged in state secrets and endangered national security. China holds new naval drill as Xi steps up military rhetoric. , China and India have both been constructing infrastructure along the borders aimed at augmenting strategic capabilities.  However, in 2017, China and India got into a major standoff in Doklam that lasted 73 days.  The state broadcaster China Central Television (CCTV) carried the official military statement on social media with no further coverage.  Reuters reported that "Beijing’s response also points to its interest in de-escalating a crisis over a stretch of border that is less politically important than other territorial priorities, such as claims to Taiwan and the South China Sea".  The Regional Tibetan Youth Congress held protests outside the Chinese Consulate in Toronto. The Chinese broadcasters showed military manoeuvres along the border, reportedly designed to frighten the Indians. A 2019 report from Bloomberg Economics estimated that the trade war would cost the U.S. economy $316 billion by the end of 2020, while more recent research from … Gen. Zhao Zongqi(Commander, PLA Western Theater Command)  In the social media space, Chinese users used Pakistani memes against India. " On 26 August, Chinese Ambassador Weidong said that China hoped India would not mix the functioning of Confucius Institutes with the border tensions — but a "brief moment" in history. 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