1 Communal violence and jihadist insurgencies have significantly undermined local states’ grip over large parts of their territories, particularly in the three-border area straddling Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger. If we add the latest Iraqi invasion by the United States, the total number of inter-state conflicts during the whole post-Cold War period is only four, whereas 44 overt internal conflicts have occurred in the same period. In conclusion, recommendations were defined and stakeholders agreed to jointly regulate cross-border movements between the Central African Republic, Chad and Cameroon, laying the foundations for stronger commitment by governments, and technical and financial partners, in the effort to restore peace in the sub-region. The Republic of Chad (Republique du Tchad) is a landlocked country in the heart of Africa (Central Africa) just at the south of Libya. ... Ethiopia’s other conflicts. The list includes only those fought because of border disputes. These overlapping layers of violence and conflict have led to the displacement over recent months of over 100,000 civilians across several regions of eastern Chad, " said Mr Krähenbühl. in 1990, Chad-Libya border dispute in 1994, and Ethiopia-Eritrea border dispute in 1998-2000). Widespread population displacement is also linked to violent conflicts and unstable environmental conditions. While in the region he also visited the cri-sis regions in eastern Chad and the northeast of the Central African Republic. Chad’s President Idriss Déby announced that 5,000 troops would be deployed to the affected provinces, ... while rebel groups opposed to Déby’s regime are threatening its northern border with Libya. conflicts. In the southeast, the Diffa Region and Lake Chad is a refuge for Boko Haram supporters and splinter groups, some with closer ties to the Islamic State (IS). But disputes over border towns eventually led to two years of war, claiming the lives of 80,000 people by the time it ended in 2000. The following is a list of border conflicts between two or more countries. As well as the humanitarian risk, there is a risk of civil war inside Chad and a risk of cross–border war between Chad and the Sudan, albeit via opposing rebel groups. 19th century. Nearly 70 million people are already estimated to be harmed by desertification in the Sahel,4 and 30 million are affected by the rapidly shrinking Lake Chad, 3 Philip Obaji Jr., “Recharging Lake Chad Key to … ... Chad and the Republic of Congo. The “far east” of Chad also shares a long border with Darfur. The Republic of Chad was named after Lake Chad which is the most significant water body in the Sahel. Others are places of conflict caused by rivalries between countries or peoples, disputes over national resources, or disagreements about the past. Chad announced it is closing its border with the Central African Republic on Monday, saying it wants to stop violence spilling over from the sectarian conflict next door. President Idriss Deby was exacerbating conflicts between farmers and herders. The era of intra-state conflicts The northeast border with Libya (the Salvador Pass) is rife with illegal trafficking and displaced combatants. escalation of war and reduction of border conflicts on Nigerian soil and an y incursion . cit.Hide Footnote Home to many different communities, the Sudan-Chad border is non-existent in the eyes of the nomads who cross it every day. To perform this study, the author travelled to Chad and the Central African Republic from the middle of November to the middle of December 2007. By September 2020, Chad was hosting almost 483,000 refugees, 371,000 of whom are from Sudan and another 95,000 originating from CAR. See List of territorial disputes for those that do not involve fighting. 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